440,000 EUR fine for Dutch hospital OLVG for access by unauthorized personnel to medical records
On 11 February 2021 the Dutch Data Protection Authority imposed a fine of EUR 440.000, = on Amsterdam hospital OLVG for having no sufficient measures in place to prevent access to medical records by unauthorized personnel and therefore infringing article 32 (1) GDPR.
An investigation was started after the DPA received several complaints of potential violations.
The DPA concluded that OLVG systematically failed to adequately safeguard access to medical records and identified violations with regard to (1) authentication and (2) verification of logging.
Two-factor authentication was only implemented to log on from outside of OLVG’s network and personnel could stil have access within the OLVG network by using a username and password, which provided immediate access to all medical records. “Single Sign-On” appeared to be enabled making this full access possible.
Hospitals are obliged to check which medical files have been consulted by whom and to check the logging on a regular basis, in order to be able to identify unauthorized access and to take measures accordingly. OLVG did not check and verify the logging often enough to the opinion of the Dutch DPA.
During the investigations of the DPA, OLVG implemented additional security measures, including two-factor authentication within its network and monitoring of logging on a structural basis.
However, the Dutch DPA concluded that OLVG violated Article 32(1) of the GDPR by failing to comply with the requirements for two-factor authentication and regular monitoring of logging for almost a year from May 2018, with a fine of EUR 440.000, = as result. OLVG declared not to appeal this decision.
The first fine (EUR 460.000, =) under the GDPR imposed by the Dutch DPA on July 19, 2019 was also for a hospital the Dutch Haga Hospital for having an insufficient internal security of patient records and no proper two-factor authentication and control of logging in place as well. That case was even worse because personnel was leaking medical information of a Dutch celebrity to the press which came into the ears of the DPA.
How sad is it that public financed hospitals are paying fines to be used for health care.